Are you looking older than you feel? Starting in the mid 40’s, signs of facial aging may start to accelerate. You may see deepening smile lines, formation of creases at the corners of the mouth, the beginning of jowls, drooping neck skin, and general sagging of the face and neck. If you are experiencing some of these changes and want to correct them, plastic surgeon Lawrence Tong, MD may have the solution for you.
What is a Facelift?
A facelift is a surgical procedure that is performed to improve the appearance of aging in the neck and face. Also called a rhytidectomy, the procedure lifts sagging skin, diminishes wrinkles, removes excess fat, and tightens the underlying musculature in the face and neck regions. Specific portions of the facelift procedure can be performed individually to address specific areas. These variations of facelift surgery include the mini facelift, neck lift, and extended neck lift.
What are the Benefits of a Facelift?
The facelift is the foundation for rejuvenation of the aging face and neck. Although the name might imply otherwise, a facelift helps to restore a more youthful appearance to not only the face, but the neck as well. In fact, the benefits of a facelift can be categorized into facial and neck improvements.
- Lifts and tightens the facial skin
- Elevates the jowls (for a clean, sleek jawline)
- Elevates descended cheek fat (for healthy, youthful cheek fullness)
- Helps to smooth the folds in the corners of the mouth (marionette lines) and smile lines (nasolabial folds)
- Loose neck skin is removed and tightened
- Fat in the neck and under the chin is removed
- The vertical ‘neck bands’ that are caused by neck muscle laxity are corrected
- We encourage you to explore examples of Dr. Tong’s work in our facelift before-and-after photos.
Who is a Candidate for Facelift?
For many potential plastic surgery patients in Toronto, facelift surgery is best suited for those who have concerns with both the face and neck appearance. Men and women with visible signs aging who want to look younger are typical candidates.
Those who can benefit from a facelift include:
- Patients that have moderate to advanced signs of aging in the face and neck
- Younger patients with significant excess neck skin and/or fat, who may also have moderate facial aging
- Patients who have lost significant weight and have substantial sagging of the face and neck
- Patients should be healthy and relatively fit
- Smoking must be stopped at least 2 weeks prior to surgery and not restarted afterwards
- Dr. Tong will evaluate your overall health status to make sure surgery is appropriate for you
Does a Facelift Address the Entire Face?
While a facelift is an important component of facial rejuvenation, some patients incorrectly assume the procedure will also lift the brow (in addition to the face and neck). Although the forehead is part of the face, it is not affected by a facelift procedure. A brow lift is a separate procedure that is commonly performed in conjunction with a facelift.
Likewise, the eyelids are not affected by having a facelift. These are separate procedures that can be performed in conjunction with a facelift, if desired. A very common combination of facial rejuvenation surgery would comprise of (i) facelift, (ii) endoscopic brow lift, (iii) upper and lower blepharoplasty.
During your facelift consultation, Dr. Tong will discuss these other procedures if applicable.
How is a Facelift Performed?
Dr. Tong usually performs the facelift procedure under general anesthesia or deep IV sedation. During the time you are under general anesthesia, you will be asleep and completely unaware of your surroundings. With IV sedation (‘twilight’) anesthesia, you may be aware from time to time, but should feel no discomfort.
Dr. Tong performs your surgery in our CAAASF-accredited private surgery centre. He starts the facelift by making incisions, and then exposing the underlying muscle layer of the neck and cheeks. Dr. Tong tightens this underlying muscle layer, which elevates the descended cheek and jowl tissues. In the neck, he tightens the lax neck muscles to eliminate vertical banding and create a deep angle under the chin. He also removes excess tissue from under the chin. The facial and neck skin is then re-draped to achieve a natural, non-operated look, and the incisions are meticulously stitched back together. Dr. Tong then places the last stitches, a facelift dressing is applied, and you are gently awakened from anesthesia.
Depending on the nature of your unique treatment plan and aesthetic goals, the incision for a facelift generally:
- Starts at the earlobe, and travels upward along the natural curves of the edge of the ear
- The incision continues into the hair of the temple for approximately 4 cm
- An alternate incision that travels along the edge of the sideburns (following the hairline) may be used instead of one that goes into the hair
- The incision may also travel along the back of the ear, near the fold where the ear meets the side of the head and slightly along the posterior hairline
- A small incision is also made in the ‘double chin’ fold to access the fat and lax neck muscles at the midline of the neck
These scars hide well because they blend into the natural curves and lines of the skin. Once the incisions have matured, the majority of women are not concerned with visible facelift scars.
A mini facelift is an abbreviated form of a standard facelift that simply addresses the upper portion of the face. It improves the appearance of the face from the jawline (including the jowls) to the upper cheeks at the level of the eyes. The rejuvenation consists of the correction of sagging skin (through removal of excess skin), trimming of jowl fat, and tightening of the underlying muscle layer. Unlike a standard facelift, the mini facelift does not improve the appearance of the neck.
What is Recovery From a Facelift Like?
Patients are strongly encouraged to stay in our overnight suites following a facelift procedure. After the effects of anesthesia have largely worn off, the nurses will transfer you to our overnight stay centre. There, you will stay the night while being monitored by our registered nurses. They will ensure that you are comfortable, safe, and have your needs attended to.
The next morning, Dr. Tong will visit you to remove the dressings. Afterwards, he will allow you to be picked up by your family/friend(s) to go home. At home, you should rest and relax as much as possible. You may do non-strenuous activities, such as watching television, reading, and making small meals. It is best to sleep in a reclining chair or use multiple pillows to keep your head elevated when you sleep. This helps decrease facial swelling.
Pain is typically mild. Dr. Tong will prescribe pain medication, which can be used during this time. You will have some bruising that lasts 1-2 weeks. The majority of patients return (non-strenuous) work at 10-14 days.
You will have an appointment with Dr. Tong at one week to have stitches removed. He will likely allow you to start light exercise (e.g. walking) at 1-2 weeks after surgery. Avoid strenuous activity until 4-6 weeks after surgery. After the initial post-op visit, you will follow up with Dr. Tong at six weeks, six months, and one year after surgery. Post-operative photos are taken at these visits.
As with any surgery, there are risks involved with having a facelift. Although the procedure has a low risk profile, Dr. Tong will make sure to go over the potential problems associated with facelift surgery at the time of your consultation.
How Long Does a Facelift Last?
A facelift generally lasts between 7-10 years; if the procedure is repeated before the end of that time period, it is unlikely that another facelift would provide significant improvement. Continued sun exposure, cigarette smoking, significant weight changes, and genetic factors could reduce the longevity of the result. The vast majority of patients who undergo a facelift procedure never have a second facelift procedure.
Our first goal is to help you become an educated patient on facelift surgery. We feel that an educated patient will make better choices about their surgery and their surgeon. The initial consultation may take over an hour to complete. During your consult, you will have Dr. Tong’s undivided attention and you will never be rushed or pressured to make a decision about surgery. There is a great deal of information to absorb during your initial consultation and Dr. Tong will make sure that you understand all important aspects of the surgery process.
Will I Have Visible Facelift Scars?
With any surgical procedure, there will be some trace of a mark or scar. However, Dr. Tong takes every measure to minimize the appearance of scarring by hiding them in discreet locations, such as the back of the ear, the hairline, or under the chin. This careful placement can allow surgical marks to blend in with the natural contours and curvatures of the face and neck for inconspicuous post-surgical scarring. As time passes and your healing process progresses, it is typical for incision marks to fade significantly. After several months, the scars will begin to diminish as the normal maturation process begins, the time for maturation ranging from 6 months to 18 months. The final scar appearance is fairly difficult to notice once the scars are well-healed.
Some key strategies to having an optimal scar outcome include: a) being able to place scars in well-hidden locations, b) careful handling of tissue (minimizing trauma to skin), c) stitching the skin together with meticulous surgical technique, d) appropriate degree of lifting, as to prevent distortion of the face (and minimize tension on incision lines), e) appropriate post-operative scar care.
The aforementioned factors are largely surgeon-dependent. The most important factor that is not surgeon-controlled is an individual’s unique ability for scar healing (determined by genetic indicators). Fortunately, with an experienced and competent surgeon, facelift scars tend to be very favourable.
While Dr. Tong will take great care to make scarring virtually undetectable, your role in properly treating and caring for your incision scars can further camouflage their appearance. In the days following surgery, you can help your scars heal correctly by:
- Keeping the would clean and dressed: Never remove surgical bandages without clearance from Dr. Tong.
- Avoiding touch and unnecessary contact with the scar: Do not mess with, pick, or scratch incision marks. This will interfere with your body’s natural healing process.
- Only use surgeon-approved antibiotic creams, if provided: Immediately after surgery, using creams and moisturizers that Dr. Tong did not directly advise can impede the scar’s ability to heal.
How Much Does a Facelift Cost?
The cost of a facelift is determined by the complexity of a patient’s unique treatment plan, as well as the geographic location where the procedure is performed. Other factors that generally affect the cost estimate for a facelift include:
- The expertise of your plastic surgeon
- The type of anesthetic used
- Whether the surgery is being combined with other procedures
- The amount of surgical work performed
With fees for the operating room, pre- and post-operative care, and anesthesia included, the general price range for a facelift at Yorkville Institute of Plastic Surgery ranges from $13,000 -$15,000. Of course, the true cost will vary according to each patient’s needs. After your consultation, our office will be able to provide you with a personalized quote to help you make a well-informed decision about your procedure.
Our office accepts a variety of payment methods—including a credit card, certified cheque, money order, bank draft, and cash— and we offer a financing option through Medicard®, a plastic surgery financing company serving patients in Canada.
Please contact our practice for any additional questions or concerns you may have about the cost of a facelift.
Is a Facelift Without Surgery Possible?
A facelift is a powerful procedure that addresses the underlying causes of facial aging such as increased skin laxity, by removing excess skin and tightening the remaining tissue. This improvement cannot be accomplished effectively with minimally invasive enhancement options. While there are multiple surgical and non-surgical procedures to improve the appearance of aging in the face and neck, they do not produce equivalent results to a facelift.
Non-surgical options, including injectables and dermal fillers, generally work well for younger patients or patients with lesser signs of aging. Patients that would like to restore facial volume can also benefit from these medical-grade spa treatments. From an anatomical perspective, these non-surgical procedures are most effective when there is minimal to no sagging or excess skin.
Surgery is utilized when non-surgical options are not effective enough to provide the improvement desired by the patient.
In summary, a facelift cannot be performed without surgery; if a patient wants to have their neck and/or face ‘lifted’ or ‘tightened,’ they are usually in need of a surgical procedure.
How to Choose the Best Facelift Surgeon For You
There are a few important factors to consider when choosing a qualified surgeon to perform your facelift:
- Choose a plastic surgeon that is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. The equivalent Canadian designation is board-certification from the Royal College of Surgeons and Physicians of Canada in Plastic Surgery. These certifications indicate that the physician has undergone the required training and passed the appropriate examinations to be called a ‘plastic surgeon.’ Dr. Tong is certified by both the Royal College of Surgeons and Physicians of Canada and the American Board of Plastic Surgery.
- Ensure your plastic surgeon has substantial experience. As with any profession, a surgeon’s work tends to improve year after year as they hone their craft, skills, and technique. A surgeon’s work after a decade of practice is much better than it was in their first year of practice. This is particularly relevant for cosmetic surgery.
- Select a plastic surgeon who performs facelifts on a regular basis, as opposed to someone that only performs the surgery occasionally. Although any plastic surgeon can usually perform a facelift, a surgeon that performs facelifts frequently will have more familiarity in dealing with i) different types of faces, ii) different degrees of severity, iii) diverse anatomy, and iv) complications that could arise. Additionally, those who are well-versed in facelift surgery generally have more experience minimizing the visibility of incisions and scars.
- Choose a surgeon that communicates well, listens to your concerns, and makes you feel comfortable. During your consultation, you should feel confident that your surgeon understands your goals and wants what is best for you. He or she should provide exemplary care before, during, and after surgery. Although it is often assumed that you should feel comfortable with the person who will be operating on your face, it is surprising to hear from some patients who assume a rushed or even discourteous surgeon is just ‘part of the process.’
To learn more about how Toronto facelift surgeon Lawrence Tong, MD can help you achieve your desired facial rejuvenation, please schedule a facelift consultation by giving us a call at (416) 972-0999. Otherwise, let us give you a call; just fill out our contact form and we will call you on the same or the next business day. No doctor’s referral is needed.
Additional Facelift FAQs
What is the best age for a facelift?
Patients of varying ages can benefit from a facelift (or any of its related procedures: neck lift, extended neck lift, and mini facelift, etc.). Individuals as young as their thirties to those nearing middle age and beyond may be candidates. One primary myth about facelift surgery is that a ‘best age’ exists for facial rejuvenation. Candidacy for a facelift (or any of its related procedures) largely depends on whether a patient exhibits the signs of aging appropriate for the procedure in question, such as jowls, sagging facial tissue, deep wrinkles, and lax musculature in the face and neck. These concerns develop at different ages for each individual based on their genetic makeup, skin quality, lifestyle habits, diet, and propensity for sun exposure, among other factors. Therefore, the age for a facial lifting procedure depends on whether a patient exhibits the changes that merit the procedure. If you would like to find out whether a facelift could refresh your appearance, the best way to determine candidacy is by consulting with a board-certified facelift surgeon in a personal consultation.
Does a facelift include a neck lift?
Yes, a facelift performed by Dr. Tong is designed to improve the contour of the neck in conjunction with the face by tightening skin, removing a modest amount of fat, and correcting muscle laxity. However, a significant amount of excess skin or skin inelasticity typically requires a separate neck lift procedure to properly achieve the desired results. If loose skin is not a major concern but redundant fat or extensive muscle banding is present, a mini neck lift may be a more suitable treatment option to smooth the neck. Alternatively, redundant fat under the chin that is unaccompanied by skin or muscle laxity can simply be resolved with chin and neck liposuction. Dr. Tong understands that it can be confusing for patients to know which procedure is the best choice for their needs, and he will help you come to a decision about the most beneficial treatment for your aesthetic goals.
How long before I can exercise again after a facelift?
Light exercises that do not significantly raise the blood pressure, such as walking and non-strenuous yoga, can usually resume one to two weeks after your facelift procedure. Intensive workouts and aerobic activity should be avoided for awhile longer, approximately four to six weeks. While Dr. Tong understands the eagerness of some patients to resume their normal routines as quickly as possible, pushing the body before it is fully healed can cause a number of complications, including bleeding (hematoma), fluid buildup (seroma), potential infection, the opening of incisions (dehiscence), and prolonged swelling (edema). It is generally best to gradually build to more and more demanding workouts, depending on your body’s response to increasing activity. If you have a question about whether it’s safe to perform a certain exercise, don’t hesitate to contact Dr. Tong for personalized medical advice.
Is a facelift different for men versus women?
Although facelift surgery aims to achieve the same goals for both men and women, there are certain aesthetic conventions distinctive to male and female patients that may inform the procedure. While women typically exhibit a narrow facial shape with softer features, men usually have a broader, oblong-shaped face with a more defined chin and jawline. Dr. Tong takes great care to perform a facelift with consideration of the masculine and feminine characteristics that can yield a natural-looking result for men and women alike.
Additionally, there are some technical differences between male and female facelifts due to male beard-growth patterns, and the shorter hair length typical of men when compared to women. Depending on beard growth density, the incision in front of the ear may be modified to prevent beard growth in certain areas. Facelift procedures can have the effect of shifting the sideburn, which is potentially more significant in male patients. The incisions in front of the ear and temple region must be planned carefully to minimize these effects. Finally, depending on the degree of neck skin laxity and a patient’s beard-growth pattern, men may have some facial hair displaced behind the ear as a result of neck and facelift procedures. The goal of a facelift is to achieve a more youthful version of yourself, and Dr. Tong will utilize the appropriate techniques to produce an outcome that preserves the natural character of your face.
Facelift at a Glance
Overnight stay recommended
- Unnatural ‘pulled’ look
- Unnatural (pixie) ears
- Unnatural hair shifts
- Poor scars